In the following example, we will create a system and use it to test a PLC program for a Siemens S7-300/400. The PLC program is to be edited in the PLCSIM S7-300 or PLCSIM S7-400 within the Siemens TIA Portal.
PLC-Lab is started and a new system project is created:
Shortly after pressing the "New" button, the PLC-Lab program window with the drawing board appears.
For this example we need three operands, which have to be created in the symbol table first. The operands should belong to the PLCSIM 300. For this reason, the device "PLCSim300" must be selected in the upper part of the symbol table:
Now all operands added to the symbol table are assigned to this device. The first operand is added to the symbol table by clicking the plus button.
The symbol of the operand is to be changed to "TasterStEin". To do this, click on the cell of the symbol.
and enter the name.
Use the TAB key to jump to the next column of the symbol table. Here you can specify the operand.
Use the E0.0 as the operand, which is already specified, but with the English syntax: I0.0. You could leave the operand as it is. If you want to use the German syntax, the "I" must be replaced with an "E". You can see this below.
This change causes the German syntax to be used when the next operand is added following E0.0. To insert the next operand, press the button with the plus sign again.
Now there is another operand in the symbol table behind the currently selected operand. Its address is increased to such an extent that there is no address overlap. With a bit operand, this means that the bit address is increased by one.
The standard symbol of this operand should also be replaced by another symbol; specify the symbol "TasterStAus".
The operand itself is correct: it is input E0.1 and the syntax can be left as it is.
Finally, we need the output A0.0, to which a lamp is connected. This lamp lights up when the controller is switched on. Now you select the second line of the symbol table (if not already selected) and click the plus button again. Then you can enter "LampeStEin" as the name of the symbol. These steps are shown below:
All operands you need are now available in the symbol table. The next step is to create the objects you need for the system on the PLC-Lab drawing board. In the example you need two push-buttons and a lamp. Start with the "Steuerung Ein" push-button. Within the tools, select the object type "Switches not illuminated":
Then move the mouse to the position within the drawing board where you want to place the switch. The mouse pointer now resembles a cross. Use the left mouse button to drag the switch object onto the drawing board. When you let go of the mouse button, the process is completed.
Tip: If you press the Shift key while dragging an object, the height and width of the object to be placed will be changed consistently.
In the next image, you can see the steps for placing the switch object; the Shift key was pressed while dragging the object:
After the switch has been placed, its properties are displayed in the object properties table. In the example, the operand to which the switch object is connected should be specified first. It will be affected when the switch is actuated. Two options are available for specifying the operand.
First option "Autocompletion": In the first option, in the cell for the operand, the device name followed by a period is specified first; in the example, this is "PLCSim300.". Then use the key combination [CTRL] + [space]. As a result, all symbols of this device are now displayed in a list. Select the symbol you want to use with the cursor keys (up or down) and confirm with the return key. The selected symbol is then entered as an operand. These steps are shown below:
Second option "Drag & Drop": With the second option, you select the line of the operand in the symbol table and then drop it on the description of the operand property using drag & drop.
If one of the two options was used, then the switch is now connected to the symbol "TasterStEin" and consequently to the I0.0. Now the switch object must be defined as a push-button. Furthermore, the text "St. Ein" with a font size of "12" should appear in the switch object. The properties required for this are shown below:
And now to the second switch. We want to create this switch from a copy of the first switch. Select the first switch and press [CTRL] + [D]. A copy of the selected switch is then placed next to the source object.
To display the properties of the new switch in the table, click on a free space in the draw-window and then select the new switch with the mouse. Now the properties are displayed and can be changed. In the first step you have to adjust the operand of the switch. Because this should be the "Steuerung Aus" push-button. In the property for the operand, remove the characters behind the device name "PLCSIM300.". and use the [CTRL] + [Space] keys:
From the list, you can now select and insert the "TasterStAus" symbol.
This connects the "Steuerung Aus" push-button to the correct operand. The push-button must be designed as an opener, which means that it provides the status '0' to the operands when actuated and the status '1' when idle. Furthermore, the text in the switch object should read "St. Aus". These changes are shown below.
Finally, we need a lamp object to signal the state "Steuerung Ein". For this purpose, select a green indicator light in the object selection "Lamps->Indicator lights".
The lamp can then be placed on the drawing board.
In the next step, assign the operand with the symbol "LampeStEin" to the object.
You can remove the caption from the lamp.
This means that no more text is displayed in the object.
After these actions, the drawing board looks as follows:
All objects are available for the example. If required, you can save the layout by pressing [CTRL] + [S].
In the example, we want to test the PLC program of an S7-300 or S7-400 in PLC-Lab. The Siemens TIA Portal is used for this. The possible TIA versions are:
Within the TIA Portal, the PLC program is to be processed via the PLCSIM for the S7-300/400. In other words, we don't need a real PLC for the test. After starting the TIA Portal, a new project is created. In the example, we will simulate the program for an S7-300, which is why we have to configure a CPU for an S7-300.
Then click the button "Add a new device".
In the example a CPU 314 PN/DP is selected and inserted into the project via the button "Add":
As a result, the TIA switches to project view. The OB1 is already present in the project tree of the CPU within the program blocks. This is changed to the display type "FBD".
Then open the OB1 editor with a double click. The PLC program consists of an SR element. I0.0 is specified at the S input and I0.1 at the R input. The SR memory itself is assigned to Q0.0. It should be noted that a negation is attached to the R input, since the "Steuerung Aus" push-button has been designed as an opener and thus supplies the value '1' when idle. The following image shows the PLC program:
In the next step, you start the simulation by clicking the following button:
The dialog "Advanced loading" is displayed. Here, select the PG/PC interface to be used and press the "Start search" button. After a few seconds the CPU should have been found. Select the CPU as the target device and then click the "Load" button.
Then follow the instructions of the TIA. After a few seconds you will see the PLCSIM window. Here you have to switch the CPU to RUN-P.
It is important that the RUN LED of the CPU is permanently lit.
Then you switch to PLC-Lab.
After switching to PLC-Lab, you can immediately enter run mode.
Now PLC-Lab tries to establish a connection to the PLCSIM of the TIA. This should be done in a few seconds, then the PLC-Lab status bar will indicate that the connection has been established.
Now you can switch to the TIA and enable OB1 observation by pressing the mouse button shown below:
Then the display of OB1 changes and the status data of the block is displayed. You can now switch the push-buttons to PLC-Lab and observe the effects in OB1.
You can see that when the "Steuerung Ein" push-button is pressed, output Q0.0 is set to status '1' and the lamp lights up as a result. When the "Steuerung Aus" push-button is activated, Q0.0 is reset and the lamp turns dark again.
The example shows how a virtual system can be created in PLC-Lab to test a PLC program, which is processed in PLCSIM S7-300/400 in the TIA Portal. In the example, we used the PLCSIM of the S7-300. If you want to use the PLCSIM of an S7-400, the procedure is identical, except that you have to configure an S7-400 in the TIA project.